The AIS 3D laser range finder (Fig. )  is built on the basis of a 2D range finder by extension with a mount and a small servomotor. The 2D laser range finder is attached in the center of rotation to the mount for achieving a controlled pitch motion. A standard servo is connected on the left side (Fig. ) and is controlled by a computer running Linux. The 3D laser scanner operates up to 5h (Scanner: 17 W, 20 NiMH cells with a capacity of 4500 mAh, Servo: 0.85 W, 6 V with batteries of 4500 mAh) per battery pack.
The area of (h)(v) is scanned with different horizontal (181, 361, 721) and vertical (128, 256, 400, 500) resolutions. A plane with 181 data points is scanned in 13 ms by the 2D laser range finder (rotating mirror device). Planes with more data points, e.g., 361, 721, duplicate or quadruplicate this time. Thus a scan with 181 256 data points needs 3.4 seconds. In addition to the distance measurement the 3D laser range finder is capable of quantifying the amount of light returning to the scanner. Scanning the environment with a mobile robot is done in a stop-scan-go fashion.